Case Studies/Studies

Web- and Phone-Based Behavioral Therapy Offer Long-Term IBS Relief

Telephone- and web-based cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) show promise as effective long-term treatments for irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) symptoms, according to a recent study.


Study May Alleviate Concerns About Long-Term PPI Use

Observational studies have linked proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) to a litany of health conditions. A recent randomized controlled trial undermines many of those associations, finding PPIs to be largely safe to use for at least three years.


Misdiagnosing Pediatric Sleep-Disordered Breathing

An estimated nine out of 10 children with sleep-disordered breathing are undiagnosed, often because physicians attribute symptoms to behavioral issues rather than to common sleep issues such as sleep apnea, according to a recent study in The Journal of the American Osteopathic Association (JAOA).


Law of Unintended Consequences Hits Battle Against Opioid Misuse

If fighting opioid misuse feels like a game of whack-a-mole, you’ve been paying attention.


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Study: Bariatric Surgery Aids Female Sexual Function

A study in Brazil found that women with obesity had greater sexual function after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass.

Sexual dysfunction fell from 62% before the procedure to 19% six months afterward, and mean overall Female Sexual...


Stem Cell Study Suggests Novel Mechanism of Action in Knee Osteoarthritis

Autologous bone marrow mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) are safe and efficacious in treating knee osteoarthritis (OA), and — in an apparently novel finding — they may reduce inflammation and modulate immune cells that contribute to the condition, Canadian researchers report.


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Tongue-Based Detection of Pancreatic Cancer

The unnoticed spread of pancreatic cancer makes effective treatment difficult. However, findings from a study in the Journal of Oral Microbiology may pave the way to earlier detection through the evaluation of differences in the tongue microbiome....


Study Reaffirms Screening Mammography’s Centrality in Reducing Breast Cancer Deaths

New research pushes back against suggestions that screening mammography may no longer be a primary factor in decreased breast cancer mortality.


Re-Evaluating Young Adult Cancer Survival in Light of the AIDS Epidemic

From 1975 to 1997, five-year relative cancer survival rates among adolescents and young adults (AYAs) dropped significantly — a fact that researchers now link to HIV- and AIDS-related cancers.


The Burden of Youth: Obesity-Related Cancers on the Rise in Young People

As the obesity crisis continues, more young people face the specter of obesity-related cancers. Incidence rates for six malignancies linked to obesity are rising more sharply in successively younger age groups, according to a recent study, and experts say that could threaten the progress made in the fight against cancer.